• Active Time 25m
  • Total Time 50m

Serves 8

This deliciously moist macaroni gratin is a far cry from American macaroni and cheese. Guichard cooks the pasta in milk, then cools the cooking liquid down with ice cubes, a technique that keeps the macaroni from drying out. The dish can be served as a main-course pasta for four with a salad or as an accompaniment to roasted meats or poultry.


  • 3 quarts whole milk
  • 4 garlic cloves, lightly crushed
  • 1 tablespoon unsalted butter
  • 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
  • Fine sea salt
  • White pepper
  • Freshly grated nutmeg
  • 3/4 cup heavy cream
  • 3/4 pound ridged penne pasta
  • 2 trays of ice cubes
  • 1 cup freshly grated imported Gruyere cheese (3 1/2 ounces)
  • 2 tablespoons minced chives


In a large saucepan, combine the milk and garlic. Warm the milk over high heat until bubbles appear around the edge. Remove from the heat, cover and let steep for 10 minutes. Remove and discard the garlic. Measure out 1 cup of milk and reserve; set aside the rest.

In a small saucepan, melt the butter over moderate heat. Whisk in the flour and cook, stirring constantly, without browning, for 1 minute. Remove the saucepan from the heat and gradually whisk in the reserved 1 cup of milk, stirring constantly, until the sauce is completely smooth. Season with a large pinch of salt and generous gratings of white pepper and nutmeg. Return the pan to low heat and cook the sauce, whisking constantly, until it's thick, about 5 minutes. Remove from the heat, let cool slightly and stir in the heavy cream. Season with salt.

Preheat the oven to 500 degrees F. Add 1/4 teaspoon of salt to the remaining milk and bring back to a simmer. Add the pasta and cook, stirring, over moderately high heat so the milk is just simmering, until al dente, about 10 minutes. Remove the saucepan from the heat and add the ice cubes to stop the cooking. Once all of the ice cubes have melted, drain the pasta in a colander and transfer to a large bowl.

Add the white sauce to the pasta and toss to coat. Transfer the mixture to a buttered 9 x 13-inch gratin dish. Sprinkle the cheese all over the top and bake for about 10 minutes, or until bubbling around the edges. Turn on the broiler and broil, rotating the dish, until the cheese is golden, 2 to 3 minutes. Let the gratin stand for 5 minutes, then season generously with freshly ground white pepper, garnish with the chives and serve.

Recipe reprinted by permission of Food and Wine. All rights reserved.

RecID 2024

nutrition information per serving

537 calories; 27g total fat; 99mg cholesterol; 237mg sodium; 47g carbohydrates; 1g fiber; 26g protein

These nutrition facts are calculated according to the ingredients listed in this recipe. Any substitutions will change these facts. Although we strive for accuracy, please note that food manufacturers occasionally change their food formulas, which could affect the calculations as shown.

Sign Up for Cooking.com Newsletters Here

Delicious recipes, easy meal ideas and holiday inspiration delivered straight to your inbox.

Follow Cooking.com